Showing posts with label Mahatma Gandhi. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mahatma Gandhi. Show all posts

Monday, October 30, 2017

MK Gandhi's most 'indelicate' gift for Queen Elizabeth

MK Gandhi's most 'indelicate' gift for Queen Elizabeth
(and other stories about Khadi)

Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had called him 'a seditious middle temple lawyer' posing as a 'half-naked fakir'.

Pramod Kapoor

Gandhi and Charkha

The most iconic image of Mohandas Gandhi shows him bare-chested, clad in a loincloth, and reading a newspaper while seated next to a spinning wheel or charkha. That picture, taken by legendary American photographer Margaret Bourke-White, was shot for the now defunct Time Life Magazine. It was taken in 1946, when Bourke-White arrived in Poona (now Pune), where Gandhi had been imprisoned by the British. Gandhi had taken up spinning to inspire fellow Indians to boycott British goods and buy local produce, including homespun cotton. The photograph went on to become an indelible image, the slain civil disobedience crusader with his most potent weapon.

Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had called Gandhi a “half-naked fakir”. He had disparagingly remarked: “Ít is alarming and also nauseating to see Mr Gandhi, a seditious middle temple lawyer, now posing as a fakir… striding half-naked up the steps of the Viceregal palace… to parley on equal terms with the representative of the king-emperor.” The statement was made in 1931, a decade after Gandhi discarded stitched clothes for the loincloth (dhoti) and shawls he sometimes spun himself. It was the year he was invited for tea with Queen Mary and King George V at Buckingham Palace during a visit to London. Dressed in his customary dhoti, a loincloth loosely draped over his naked torso and wearing homemade sandals, he must have been the oddest looking visitor to Buckingham Palace. When the meeting was over, he was walking out of the palace gates when a journalist asked if he thought he was wearing enough. Gandhi’s reply: “But the King was wearing enough for the both of us.”

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Saturday, October 28, 2017

New Book Published: Mahatma on the Pitch - Gandhi and Cricket in India

Mahatma on the Pitch
Gandhi and Cricket in India


Written By: Kausik Bandyopadhyay

First Published : October, 2017

Price : Rs. 395/-


Published by : Rupa & Co.

About the Book:
 
Did Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ever play cricket? Did cricket ever figure in the Gandhian world of thought? What were the views of the most important man in the history of India's freedom struggle on the game that dominates Indian national consciousness in the twenty-first century? Did he ever oppose the cause of cricket? Did cricket ever invoke Gandhi after his death?

These questions seem as remote as Gandhi's tryst with cricket! Mahatma on the Pitch tries to find answers to these apparently quirky questions by exploring the untold relationship between two of the most enduring phenomena of modern India: Mahatma Gandhi, arguably the greatest Indian icon of the twentieth century and Indian cricket, probably the most assertive Indian national emblem in the twenty-first-century world.
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Saturday, October 7, 2017

Sabarmati Ashram: At home with the Mahatma

Sabarmati Ashram: At home with the Mahatma

More than being a memorial to the Father of the Nation, it is a place where the dreams of Gandhi still breathe


Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad

Serenity pervades the places associated with Mahatma Gandhi whether they be at Phoenix (Settlement) Ashram at Durban, South Africa, the Gandhi Ashram at Sabarmati, Ahmedabad, or the Rajghat Memorial, Delhi. Despite the hordes, the Mahatma seems to compel so much respect that even noisy tourists tend to unconsciously maintain a semblance of discipline.

Our guide at Sabarmati Ashram led us to the Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalay housed in the iconic building designed by Charles Correa. The museum inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, has three spacious galleries - Gandhi in Ahmedabad, My Life Is My Message, and Painting Gallery. There is a library and archives here too. The museum houses thousands of items - rare personal effects, original letters and photocopies of his other letters, photos of Gandhi alone and with world leaders, and paintings of luminaries. Natural light and a cool breeze flow with ease through the corridors and rooms built to be as seamless as possible.

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Wednesday, August 9, 2017

On 75th anniversary of Quit India movement, Gandhi continues to inspire us

On 75th anniversary of Quit India movement, Gandhi continues to inspire us

- Jatin Desai

Quit India Movement
We will be commemorating the 75th anniversary of the Quit India Movement on August 9. It was the last mass agitation before India became Independent on August 15, 1947. A day before i.e. on August 14 India was divided and a new nation Pakistan came into existence. On August 8, at Mumbai’s Gowalia Tank, Mahatma Gandhi gave a call for ‘Do or Die’ in his speech. The call for Quit India galvanized the people of the country. British imperialists arrested thousands of Indians. Gowalia Tank is now called August Kranti Maidan. The month of August is significant as far as India’s Independence is concerned. On August 1, 1920, non-cooperation movement against imperialist Britain was launched. It was in the background of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre and Rowlatt Act.

Mahatma Gandhi addressed the Congress session on August 8 and gave a call for ‘Do or Die’. He said, “There is a mantra, short one that I give you. You imprint it on your heart and let every breath of yours give an expression to it. The mantra is do or die.”
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Friday, July 21, 2017

Generations will remember Bhilare Guruji for saving Mahatma Gandhi in 1944 - The facts behind

Generations will remember Bhilare Guruji for saving Mahatma Gandhi in 1944

(The facts behind)


bhilare-guruji

Generations will remember Bhilare Guruji for saving Mahatma Gandhi in Panchgani in 1944. Mahatma Gandhi and several other leaders were arrested after All India Congress Committee passed the Quit India resolution post mid-night of August 8, 1942. Gandhiji was released from the Aga Khan Palace Prison on May 6, 1944. He had contracted malaria and went to Panchgani for rest on the advice of his physician. His wife Kasturba and secretary Mahadev Desai died in the Aga Khan Palace. It was in July 1944 that Nathuram Godse tried to attack Mahatma with a dagger. At that time there was no Pakistan and so no question of giving Rs 55 crore to Pakistan.

Bhilare Guruji passed away on July 19, 2017 at the age of 98 in his village Bhilar in Satara district. He was a young boy when Gandhiji was resting in Dilkhush Bungalow in Panchgani. Bhilare Guruji and other youths were looking after Gandhiji. One day a group of 18 to 20 people came from Poona (now Pune) in a bus and held a day-long demonstration against Gandhiji. When Gandhiji came to know about the protest he invited the leader of the group Nathuram Godse for a discussion. Godse refused to meet him.
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Thursday, July 6, 2017

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( JULY 2017 ) - Mohan to Mahatma journey through Champaran

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( JULY 2017 )

Mohan to Mahatma  journey through Champaran

By Ansuman Tripathy 
champaran-indigo-satyagraha

He had arrived in India two years before and following the advice of guru Gokhale had travelled the length and breadth of the country to see, feel and comprehend the miseries of his people before plunging into public service. He was deeply moved by the poverty, hunger, disease, superstitions, evil caste system and all other financial, moral and social maladies that had encased his countrymen and encompassed his country. He had taken a secret vow to eradicate the maladies as best as he could, of course, under the rule of the union jack. Freedom of his country was not at the wildest of his dreams then.
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Monday, June 19, 2017

Sabarmati Ashram completes 100 years

Sabarmati Ashram completes 100 years


Sabarmati Ashram completes 100 years


A GRAND celebration was held on Saturday, June 17, 1917, on the centenary of Sabarmati Ashram founded by Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma’s grandson Gopalkrishna Gandhi, who attended the celebration, said at a time when the country is divided on the lines of religion and caste, Gandhi’s ideas have a special significance.

Two new permanent exhibition galleries on Gandhi’s life - My Life is My Message Gallery and Charkha Gallery - were opened at the Ashram on this occasion. Also, there was a tree plantation programme. Gandhi established the Ashram on June 17, 1917. As he became the leader of the freedom struggle, the Ashram virtually became the movement’s headquarters. It was also from here on 12 March 1930 that Gandhi launched the famous Dandi march and vowed not to return to the Ashram till India gets freedom.
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Saturday, June 3, 2017

Gandhi Journal Article-I (June 2017) - The Mahatma as a Management Guru in the new millennium

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( JUNE 2017 )

The Mahatma as a Management Guru in the new millennium

By CA Dr. Varsha Ainapure 
Business leaders across the globe have discovered a new Management icon-Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Indian Nation. While leading the nation in the struggle for independence, Gandhi held a beacon to some management strategies which are critical in present day corporate world. (Pramar, 2008) The Mahatma is now being rediscovered as more than just a political leader who gained independence for the country. He is being looked upon as a master strategists and an exemplary leader whose ideas and strategies have great meaning for the corporate world, particularly in India.

Mahatma Gandhi was an ideal management guru. Truth and Non Violence were the two key components of his creed. (Devrajan, 2010) The Mahatma inspired the common man, an average Indian to follow his principles and led the masses to win the fight for independent India. Innovation and creativity, founded on moral authority flowing from his "inner voice" (his term for 'conscience'), constituted the bedrock of whatever campaign he embarked upon. No wonder, Albert Einstein exclaimed: "Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon the earth."

Gandhi's concept of Non-violence and his high moral standards are what today's leaders must emulate in order for organisations to have the advantage in the global market. His concept of a self- ruled society can be compared to a project-orientated organisation, where individual teams are self-governed and highly efficient.

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Thursday, May 4, 2017

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( MAY 2017 ) - What Champaran gave to Gandhi and India's freedom struggle

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( MAY 2017 )

What Champaran gave to Gandhi and India's freedom struggle

By Ramchandra Guha 

champaran-satyagraha
A hundred years ago on April 10, 1917, Mohandas K Gandhi arrived in the district of Champaran in North Bihar. He spent several months there, studying the problems of the peasantry, who had been forced by European planters to cultivate indigo against their will. Farmers who refused to meet this obligation had their land confiscated.

Through his interventions with the colonial State, Gandhi was able to get substantial concessions for the peasantry. Rents were radically reduced, and the compulsion to grow indigo replaced by a system of voluntary compliance. This was a major victory for the peasants, and a significant triumph for Gandhi himself, since it established his credibility as a leader within India (as distinct from South Africa).

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Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Kasturba Gandhi, the larger than life shadow of Mahatma Gandhi

Kasturba Gandhi, the larger than life shadow of Mahatma Gandhi


kasturba-gandhi

(April 11,  1869 - February 22, 1944)

Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi's evolution from a lawyer, to becoming the face of India's non-violent struggle for independence as the Mahatma has been written about at great length. In this journey of a man who is regarded as the father of the nation, an integral companion was his wife, Kasturba Gandhi.

Kasturba Gandhi's name is often lost in the face of Gandhi's leadership but she was his pillar of support, the first individual who was a part of him like none other. If he could convince her to give up her notions of caste and untouchability, he could convince others of the same. She was perhaps the only person who could disagree with him and point out to him his mistakes. She was his companion, his wife, his caretaker and later in life his representative too.


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Friday, January 6, 2017

Gandhi Journal Article-II ( January 2017 ) - MAHATMA GANDHI : A real friend

Gandhi Journal Article-II ( January 2017 ) 

MAHATMA GANDHI : A real friend

By The Earl Mountbatten of Burma 

In the course of my life I have had the good fortune to get to know many of the world's leaders and in my career to have served with many men of outstanding talent. In the long catalogue I recall only a few that I would describe without hesitation as truly great men. I have no hesitation however in placing Mahatma Gandhi in this very short list of the elect of our times.

I only came into contact with him at the end of his life at a point when, in political terms at any rate, his power was beginning to wane or at least he was withdrawing from the front line of responsibility. The unavoidable accent on parti­tion in the Transfer of Power meant a bitter frustration of his life-long aims and ideals—to him it appeared more as vivisec­tion than victory. In such circumstances of partial eclipse he might have left a blurred impression, or appear to have done so; but from the first encounter my wife and I were both aware that here was a unique personality, one whose authority transcended the normal bounds of human leadership; one who quickly became a real friend.
 
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Saturday, November 12, 2016

Gandhi Journal Article-III ( November 2016 ) - Mahatma Gandhi and The Polaks

Gandhi Journal Article-III ( November 2016 ) 

Mahatma Gandhi and The Polaks

By Prabha Ravi Shankar 
South Africa was the crucible that forged Gandhi's identity as a political activist. it was an important prelude to his return to his motherland in 1915 where he dominated the national movement for more than two decades. Amongst the early and closest friends of Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa, now largely forgotten, were an English couple named Henry Polak and Millie Polak. Henry zoos a radical English Jew, Millie was a Christian feminist. Polak was Gandhi's closest political aide and fellow-seeker. Even after their return to England in 1916, the Polaks continued to take much interest in India's future and kept a close association with Gandhi until the latter's death in 1948. Despite his yeomen services to India and close relationship with Gandhi, there is no in-depth study on Gandhi and Polak. This paper is an attempt to fill this gap.

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Friday, November 4, 2016

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( November 2016 ) : Gandhi and South Africa

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( November 2016 ) 

Some of Gandhi's Early Views on Africans Were Racist. But That Was Before He Became Mahatma

By E S Reddy 
Gandhi with the leaders of the non-violent resistance movement in South Africa.
Gandhi with the leaders of the non-violent resistance movement in South Africa


The recent agitation at the University of Legon in Ghana for the removal of a statue of Mahatma Gandhi was provoked by a few statements made by the young Gandhi soon after he arrived in South Africa in 1893, long before he came to know the Africans. These statements, plucked from the Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi – published by the Indian government without any attempts at contextualising or annotating them – completely distort what his life represents.

Gandhi said, “My life is my message”. His life shows how an ordinary human being who has many weaknesses can rise to great heights by shedding his early prejudices and by adhering to love and non-violence instead of hate and greed. This message should be an encouragement for the youth.

Gandhi practiced what he preached. He conquered fear and defied the racist regime in South Africa and in imperialist Britain. He went to prison five times in South Africa and nine times in India during his struggle against racism and colonialism. He was incorruptible and forsook consumerism, which had become a menace to progress. He espoused dignity of labour and the need to protect the environment. He became a symbol of peace and non-violence and his appeal is universal.

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Thursday, October 27, 2016

New Book Published: Trusteeship : A Path Less Travelled

Trusteeship : A Path Less Travelled
Trusteeship: A Path Less Travelled

Edited By:
 Siby Joseph, Bharat Mahodaya, Ram Chandra Pradhan
First Published : 2016

Price : Rs. 400/-
Published by : Institute of Gandhian Studies

Gopuri, Wardha 442001, MS, India.

About the Book:
 
This volume is a collection of selected papers discussed in the seminar on Trusteeship organised by Institute of Gandhian Studies, Wardha in February 2015 as a part of the celebration of 125th Birth Anniversary of Jamnalal Bajaj. It carries a foreword written by Ramjee Singh, a noted Gandhian scholar and former Vice Chancellor of Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, Ladnun, Rajasthan. It contains fifteen articles on trusteeship and related areas combining both theoretical and practical aspects.
 
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Thursday, October 6, 2016

Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi presented with first copy of new book on Mahatma's life in 1,300 colour photos

Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi presented with first copy of new book on Mahatma's life in 1,300 colour photos


"MAHATMA Gandhi's Life in Colour" - The definite photo biography of Mahatma Gandhi


Modi-released-the-book-Mahatma-life-in-colour

Mahatma Gandhi's Life in Colour, the coffee table book by GandhiServe India is released by The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on October 2 on the occasion of 147th Gandhi birth anniversary. The book contains four-colour pictures reflecting various phases of Gandhi's life. About the book he said: "Excellent collection - excellent publication"! He wrote in the first copy of the book: "By means of photographs you are bringing the life of Mahatma Gandhi to the masses for which you deserve congratulations!"

Monday, September 19, 2016

Surrendered Naxals pass test on Gandhian principles

Surrendered Naxals pass test on Gandhian principles

The whole exercise is to help them drift away from path of violence

A total of 55 surrendered Naxals who had dozens of murder and arson cases registered against them have fared very well in an exam on Gandhi’s life and principles conducted by Gadchiroli police.
In an effort to reform prisoners, the Maharashtra jail authorities conduct classes on Gandhian philosophy with the help of NGOs in most prisons. After these classes, it holds the Gandhi Peace Exams to gauge the prisoners’ understanding of the philosophy. The exercise would help them in drifting away from violence.

Speaking on the endeavour, Additional Director General of Police (ADGP), Special Operations, Bipin Bihari said the surrendered Naxals were given lectures on Gandhian philosophy and an exam on the same was conducted in the month of August.

“Naxalites are waging a war against the state and we are trying to stimulate an ideology which shuns violence and preaches non-violence,” Bihari told The Indian Express.

“In order to draw the cadre to the Naxal fold, they are made to believe that armed revolution is the most effective solution. However, by introducing the Gandhian philosophy we are trying to instill the idea that demands could be met through non-violent means or ‘ahimsa’ (non-violence) which Gandhi preached and practised,” Bihari added.

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

‘LAST PHASE OF MAHATMA GANDHI’ BY PYARELAL – now available for free download

‘LAST PHASE OF MAHATMA GANDHI’ BY PYARELAL – now available for free download


The Last Phase by Pyarelal
 



The books, ‘MAHATMA GANDHI – THE LAST PHASE’ by Pyarelal – Vol. 9 (Part 1 & 2) and Vol. 10 are now available for free download (PDF | EPUB | MOBI versions) on our website www.mkgandhi.org > ‘Gandhi eBooks’.

‘The Last Phase’ presents a full, detailed and authentic story of the ultimate phase of Gandhiji's life in which his spiritual powers are seen at work at the height of their maturity. The book deals with the period from his release in 1944 from detention in the Aga Khan Palace up to the end of his life.

Your comments / suggestions will be appreciated.
Click here to download eBooks

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Followers of Mahatma Gandhi from Across the Seven Seas

Followers of Mahatma Gandhi from Across the Seven Seas

Visitors to the website on Mahatma Gandhi have the maximum hits from Americans 

 
Visitors to the website on Mahatma Gandhi have the maximum hits from Americans

Mahatma Gandhi was the main architect of our freedom movement, yet leaving aside the school books, it is doubtful if the youth of our country are aware of his contributions. Instead what we see is that people from all over the world are more interested in Gandhi and his thinking and philosophy. This is evident from the visitors to the Gandhi website www.mkgandhi.org, maintained by Bombay Sarvodaya Mandal, Mumbai and Gandhi Research Foundation, Jalgaon.

The treasure trove of literature on Mahatma Gandhi at the website www.mkgandhi.org, is receiving excellent response. 295 and 297 books were downloaded from this site in the month of May and June 2016 respectively. The list was topped by Gandhi's My Experiments with Truth, followed by Essence of Hinduism, Hind Swaraj, Gandhi Relevance, Story of My Life, Mind of Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhiji on Khadi, Gandhi Biography for Beginners among others.
 
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Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Gandhi Journal Article-III ( July 2016 ) - Gandhiji's basic education : A medium of value education

Gandhi Journal Article-III ( July 2016 )

Gandhiji's Basic Education: A Medium of Value Education

The function of education is to create ideal citizens. Ideal means an individual is overwhelming with virtues and is always well behaved. Idol citizens are the pre-requisite for coherent and comprehensive development. The education to produce the best citizens means the education of the hearts of people. This expects education to changes the hearts of individuals.

Explaining the meaning of genuine education Mahatma Gandhiji says, “Genuine education does not consist of cramming a lot of information and numbers in mind. Nor it lies in passing the examination by reading a number of books, but it lies in developing character. It is a real education which inculcates internal virtues (values) in human beings. If you can develop such virtues, it will be the best education”.

“Education is a process of comprehensive development of the best things (point, parts) lying in the mind and soul of children or men and bringing them out”1 Gandhiji has shown the royal path to us and to the world to observe and implement the lofty virtues and daily life practice by setting an example of himself by putting in to practice those ideals in his daily life activities. Value education means the education that teaches to put the virtues and values in to practices.

Wednesday, June 15, 2016

E-book tablet to be launched to popularise Mahatma's books

E-book tablet to be launched to popularise Mahatma's books


 
Gandhi-ebooks-tablet
To popularise books on Mahatma Gandhi and cater to the ever-changing reading habits, Navajivan trust, Ahmedabad has decided to come up with their own tablet, lending people the facility to read Gujarati and Hindi e-books published by them on the Mahatma Gandhi.

Kindle-like e-book tablet, which the Navajivan Trust is planning to bring, will have 170 books mostly on Mahatma Gandhi allowing people to read those in Hindi and Gujarati.

This announcement was made by the managing trustee of Navjivan Trust Vivek Desai while launching 10 different editions, including 4 e-book versions, of "Hind Swaraj", a book written by Gandhiji in 1909.

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